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Citing & Writing: Citing & Writing

What is a DOI?

Some citation styles ask for a DOI or digitial object identifier.  Information on finding DOIs is available in the handout listed below. 

Need to quickly cite a journal article or book?

Citation Generators can create citations in some of the more common citation styles like MLA, APA or Chicago styles.  If you do not need to cite very many resources, you might want to use a citation generator from the Libraries' One Stop SearchGoogle Scholar and databases like EBSCOhost and ProQuest can generate citations in some common styles like APA, MLA, or Chicago style.  BibMe is free citation generator that can generate a citation in APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian and many other styles.  

For more information see the examples listed on the Citation Generators subject guide.  

You should always check to make sure that the generated citation matches the requirements of the style used. 

USE THE INFORMATION GENERATED AS A STARTING POINT FOR YOUR CITATION ONLY.  YOU NEED TO CHECK NAMES, CAPITALIZATION, JOURNAL NAMES (AND ABBREVIATIONS IF NECESSARY). 

Tools for Managing References

Reference Managers

There are several tools and software available for storing articles and citations/references and for creating bibliographies or reference lists.  Some of popular reference management software options are: 

 Citation Generators

If you only need to cite a few citations you could also try using a Citation Generator which can generate a citation based on a few styles. For more information consult the Citation Generators subject guide. 

Styles by Discipline

Reference Style

Discipline

APA (American Psychological Association)

Social sciences such as psychology

MLA (Modern Language Association)

Liberal arts and humanities

Chicago

Humanities and social sciences

Turabian (similar to Chicago)

Arts and history

AMA (American Medical Association)

Medical sciences

ACS (American Chemical Society)

Chemistry

AIP (American Institute of Physics)

Physics

Help with Specific Styles

Citing Government Documents

Writing Guides for Theses/Dissertations

Suggestions for Writing Theses and Dissertations (University of Manitoba Libraries)

Ask a Librarian

Writing Tutors

Need help with writing papers? Visit the Academic Learning Centre located in 201 Tier Building, book your appointment online, or call 480-1481.