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College of Rehabilitation Sciences: Fields

Guide for OT, PT, RT, and MSc Rehab

FIELDS BASICS

  • Records in library databases are comprised of fields containing specific pieces of bibliographic information. Common fields include: authors, source, publication type, language, subject headings, abstract, entry date (publication date), doi.
  • There are many additional fields that can be searched in most databases

Example of a CINAHL record with common fields highlighted

SEARCHING USING FIELDS

  • Limiting your search to specific fields in a database can yield more precise results:
    • Search in the Author field to find articles by William Osler, if you just do a keyword search on William Osler you will find article about and by him
    • Searching for terms and phrases in the subject heading field (must be the precise term/phrase - see subject headings for more information on this) will yield articles more directly related to your topic
    • Searching for terms and phrases in the article title field may also yield articles more directly related to your topic
  • Look for the Advanced Search page to search specific fields in a database
  • Below are examples of Field searching in PubMed (Advanced Search option). CINAHL (Advanced Search option), and SCOPUS (default search page)



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