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Assessment Tools: M-WCST modified Wisconsin card sorting test

The assessment tool collection encompasses all assessments that are used in medical rehabilitation with a primary focus on physical therapy and occupational therapy.

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M-WCST modified Wisconsin card sorting test

Author: David J. Schretien


The Modified Wisconsin card sorting test (M-WCST) is a variation of the widely used Wisconsin Card Sorting Test that is based on a card-sorting task originally developed by Grant and Berg (1948). It was developed to assess problem solving and the ability to shift cognitive strategies in response to changing environmental contingencies. The M-WCST has eliminated response cards that share more than one attribute with a key card.

Library Record:  Neil John Maclean Health Sciences Library Reserves (BF 176 M994m 2010 ATOOLS)


Population: 7 to 89 years
Completion time: 10-15 minutes to administer; 10 minutes to score


  • 1 manual (vi, 96 p.)
  • 1 set of cards (48 pieces)
  • 1 record form

URL Link to Publisher:

 Determine Validity and Reliability    
To determine validity and reliability of this test copy and paste the search string into a PubMed (U of M faculty, students and affiliated users use this PubMed link):

("cognitive performance test") AND ((((("Reproducibility of Results"[Mesh]) OR "Sensitivity and Specificity"[Mesh])) OR (reliabl* OR valid*)) OR (sensitiv* AND specif*)) 

To search the validity and reliability in CINAHL copy and paste this search string into CINAHL (U of M faculty, students and affiliated users only)

(("cognitive performance test”) OR (IN cognitive performance test)) AND (( (MH "Reliability and Validity+") OR (MH "Measurement Issues and Assessments+") OR (MH "Predictive Validity") OR (MH "Sensitivity and Specificity") ) OR ( reliabil* OR valid* ) OR ( sensitivity and specificity ))

Use Policy

The Neil John Maclean Health Sciences Library will provide assessment tools and outcome measures for loan to faculty, students and staff of the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority (WRHA) with a valid University of Manitoba (U of M) Library ID. If you qualify to borrow a tool you will need to fill out and present this form to the NJMHSL Circulation staff.


Open the following sections for information on:


Borrowing Tools

Outside Library Use

Loans to Therapists not Affiliated with the U of M or WRHA

Document Delivery