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Assessment Tools: Wisconsin Card Sorting Test

The assessment tool collection encompasses all assessments that are used in medical rehabilitation with a primary focus on physical therapy and occupational therapy.

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Wisconsin Card Sorting Test

Author: Robert K Heaton

Summary:  A test of abstraction ability which provides objective measures of such problems as: inefficient conceptualization, perseveration, failure to maintain set, and inefficient learning/memory. May also be used as a clinical neuropsychological test to discriminate frontal from non-frontal lesions. The test has been standardized and normed for use with children, adolescents, and adults, ranging from 6 1/2 through 89 years of age.
Format: 1 manual (iv, 230 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.) + 2 sets of stimulus/response cards, 1 record booklet ([4] p.).

Library Record:  WL 355 A171a 1990 ATOOLS (Reserve Desk)

Population7 to 89 years
Completion time:  20-30 minutes


  • 1 manual (iv, 230 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.)
  • 2 sets of stimulus/response cards
  • 1 record booklet ([4] p.).  

URL Link to Publisher:

Determine Validity and Reliability    
To determine validity and reliability of this test copy and paste the search string into a PubMed (U of M faculty, students and affiliated users use this PubMed link):

("cognitive performance test") AND ((((("Reproducibility of Results"[Mesh]) OR "Sensitivity and Specificity"[Mesh])) OR (reliabl* OR valid*)) OR (sensitiv* AND specif*)) 

To search the validity and reliability in CINAHL copy and paste this search string into CINAHL (U of M faculty, students and affiliated users only)

(("cognitive performance test”) OR (IN cognitive performance test)) AND (( (MH "Reliability and Validity+") OR (MH "Measurement Issues and Assessments+") OR (MH "Predictive Validity") OR (MH "Sensitivity and Specificity") ) OR ( reliabil* OR valid* ) OR ( sensitivity and specificity ))

Use Policy

The Neil John Maclean Health Sciences Library will provide assessment tools and outcome measures for loan to faculty, students and staff of the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority (WRHA) with a valid University of Manitoba (U of M) Library ID. If you qualify to borrow a tool you will need to fill out and present this form to the NJMHSL Circulation staff.


Open the following sections for information on:


Borrowing Tools

Outside Library Use

Loans to Therapists not Affiliated with the U of M or WRHA

Document Delivery