Skip to Main Content
The University of Manitoba campuses are located on original lands of Anishinaabeg, Cree, Ojibwe-Cree, Dakota, and Dene peoples, and on the National Homeland of the Red River M├ętis. More

Citing & Writing: Citing & Writing

What is a DOI?

Some citation styles ask for a DOI or digitial object identifier.  Information on finding DOIs is available in the handout listed below. 

Introduction to Citations

Need to quickly cite a journal article or book?

Many electronic resources, such as the Libraries’ Databases, journal article websites, as well as Google Scholar, offer a feature to quickly create a citation in styles like APA, MLA, or Chicago. Refer to the Citation Generators guide for more information.  You can also use a citation tool like ZoteroBib to create a reference list/bibliography as well as in-text citations for your paper.

Use the information generated only as a starting point for your citation.   

Be sure to check the accuracy of the citation for authors, journal names, capitalization, etc. as the citation is not always accurate. 

Tools for Managing References

Reference Managers

There are several tools and software available for storing articles and citations/references and for creating bibliographies or reference lists.  Some of popular reference management software options are: 

Most Common Styles

The  styles listed below are the most popular ones but additional styles exist. Ask the library staff for assistance if the style needed is not in this list. 


Style Discipline
ACS (American Chemical Society) Chemistry
AIP (American Institute of Physics Physics
APA (American Psychological Association Psychology/Social Sciences
Chicago  Humanities and Social Sciences
IEEE Engineering
MLA (Modern Language Association) Liberal Arts and Humanities
Turabian (similar to Chicago) Arts and history
American Medical Association (AMA) Medicine


Other Styles

Citing Government Documents

Writing Tutors

Need help with writing papers? Visit the Academic Learning Centre located in 201 Tier Building, book your appointment online, or call 480-1481.