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This course guide is applicable to some, not all, sections of GMGT 1010. It contains criteria for evaluating your sources, tips on starting the research and writing process, and links and search strategies to library resources, all to help you with your term paper. If you require assistance, please contact the Librarian.
Click the links below to jump to the right section:
Types of Sources
There are two main types of sources you should consider using for your term paper: academic (e.g. peer-reviewed journals and university press books) and non-academic sources (e.g. news and trade periodicals, reference books, etc.)
For the purpose of your term paper, Academic Sources are:
- Scholarly works that provide original research or studies written by faculty, researchers or experts in a specific field
- Either peer-reviewed journal articles or books published by university presses
- Works that include a bibliography of sources or reference list at the end of the paper or chapter
- Business & Society, Journal of Business Ethics, Canadian Public Policy (peer-reviewed journals)
- Cambridge University Press, Harvard University Press, University of Toronto Press (university presses)
For the purpose of your term paper, Non-academic Sources are:
- Works that offer credible information on current topics or provide background information on a given topic or subject
- Typically produced for the general public
- Harvard Business Review, The Economist, Maclean's (business magazines and trade periodicals)
- The Globe and Mail, The Washington Post, Winnipeg Free Press (newspapers)
- Encyclopedias, directories, dictionaries (reference books)
- Statistics Canada, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada (government websites)
How to Find Peer-Reviewed Sources
For a better understanding of the peer-review process and how to find peer-reviewed journal articles, visit the Undergraduate Help guide on Determining Good Sources.
Criteria for Evaluating your Sources
There are five standards to consider:
For more information on the CRAAP test, review the following two videos:
- Evaluating Sources from Western Libraries. "Evaluating Sources" by Western Libraries is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0)
- Evaluating Websites from GCSC Library. "Evaluating Websites" by Gulf Coast State College Library (2013) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (CC BY-NC)
The Research and Writing Process
- Determine what you need to do and how to do it.
- Choose a topic that makes sense for your assignment.
- Find background information on your topic
- Narrow your topic based on what you've learned. See box below
- Identify resources to use for your research. See box below.
- Collect credible information that you'll cite later
- Apply the CRAAP test to the information/sources you've found. See box above.
- Get writing!
- keep track of your sources
- Cite properly
Narrowing your Topic
Starting with a topic, narrow down to specific questions.
Example topic: Discuss the legitimacy of the recent laws surrounding distracted driving
- Focus on one type of distracted driving > texting while driving
- Brainstorm some questions you want to answer
- What is/are the provincial law(s) that punishes distracted drivers who text?
- Why was this new law created/adopted?
- What are society's views on texting while driving?
- Why does this matter?
- Search for the answers to each question separately!
Library Resources and Search Strategies for your Research
Once you have an idea of your research questions then look for information to support your argument.
The Library Search
- The U of M Libraries' Library Advanced Search example for finding articles or books on society's views on texting while driving
- Suggested search string: (poll OR survey) AND “distracted driving” AND text*
- Advanced Searching tips
- ProQuest example for finding articles discussing Manitoba law(s) on texting while driving
- Suggested search string: Manitoba AND (law or act) AND "distracted driving" AND text*
- Advanced Searching tips
Head, Social Sciences Division