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The University of Manitoba campuses are located on original lands of Anishinaabeg, Cree, Oji-Cree, Dakota, and Dene peoples, and on the homeland of the Métis Nation. More

Pharmacy: EBM

A guide to research and clinical resources for Pharmacy faculty and students at the University of Manitoba.

EBM Pyramid

Levels of Evidence is a ranking system used in evidence-based medicine to describe the strength of information. The higher the point in the pyramid the lower the the likelihood of bias in any statement/finding reported. Scroll to see the evidence types and to identify search tools that will help you locate resources to answer your questions.

EBM pyramid

Locate Critically-Appraised Practice Guidelines (Secondary Literature)

Locate Critically-Appraised Individual Articles (Secondary Literature)

Locate RCTs, Case and Cohort studies (Primary Literature)

Locate Filtered Background Information (Secondary Literature)

Locate Unfiltered Background Information/Expert Opinion (Tertiary Literature)