Title: Winnipeg Commodity Exchange Inc. fonds.
Extent: 11.9 m of textual records.
Administrative history: The Winnipeg Commodity Exchange was founded in 1887, as the Winnipeg Grain and Produce Exchange, by a group of Winnipeg grain merchants. It served initially as a forum for cash trades in Canadian grains, but, in 1904, introduced trading in wheat futures and subsequently added futures trading in barley, oats, flax, and rye. In 1908, the Exchange was re-organized as a voluntary, unincorporated, non-profit organization and its name was changed to the Winnipeg Grain Exchange.
The Grain Exchange grew in importance with the Canadian grain economy so that by 1929, it played a major part in the establishment of world grain prices and the establishment of the Canadian Wheat Board in 1935. In 1943, the Wheat Board was given a monopoly in the marketing of wheat. In 1949, this monopoly was extended to oats and barley. The importance of the Exchange began to revive in 1963 with the establishment of a futures market in rapeseed. In 1972, a market in gold futures was opened, at which time the Exchange changed its name to the Winnipeg Commodity Exchange. In 1974, part of the trade in barley, oats, and feed wheat was restored to the Exchange and a market in eastern corn was opened.
Currently, Winnipeg Commodity Exchange Inc. (W.C.E. or the "Exchange") is Canada's only agricultural futures and options exchange. Contracts traded on W.C.E. include futures contracts for canola, flaxseed, domestic feed wheat, and domestic feed barley. Options on canola, flaxseed, feed wheat, and feed barley are also traded.
Custodial history: The fonds was donated to University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections in 1997 by the Winnipeg Commodity Exchange.
Scope and content: The fonds consists of daily market records ledgers, futures record ledgers, option market record ledgers, a cash sales record ledger, Canadian Wheat Board prices log books, cross, spread, match and job log books, and a supplementary journal.
Source of supplied title: Title based on contents of fonds.
Restrictions: There are no restrictions on this material.
Accruals: Further accruals are expected.
Related material: Winnipeg Commodity Clearing Ltd. fonds (A1998-63, A1999-85).
Finding aid: A preliminary inventory is available in the Archives reading room and an on-line finding aid is available at the link below: