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The University of Manitoba campuses are located on original lands of Anishinaabeg, Cree, Oji-Cree, Dakota, and Dene peoples, and on the homeland of the Métis Nation. More

Literature Searches for Knowledge Synthesis: Level 3: Research & Publication Support

Literature Searches for Knowledge Syntheses - Tier 3 - Research & Publication Support

Who is eligible to use the service?

  • University of Manitoba, Bannatyne Campus faculty-anchored research teams, including students working on faculty-driven projects (note: student projects that are completed for any form of academic credit are not eligible for Tier 3 service - see Tier 1 and Tier 2 for available options)


What is required of you?

Before meeting with the librarian:

During the project:

  • Provide information regarding key publications and organizations related to the project topic
  • Provide timely feedback on the search strategy based on your subject expertise
  • Inform the librarian of project status
  • Include the librarian in manuscript preparation/editing

After the project is complete:

  • Include the librarian as a contributing author on any publications resulting from the project


How can the librarian contribute as a member of the research team?

The librarian may contribute to the project in a number of ways. Discuss with your librarian which of the following activities would be suitable for the project: 

  • Attend team meetings and provide relevant expertise
  • Assist with research question refinement
  • Contribute to protocol development
  • Arrange for Peer Review of Electronic Search Strategies
  • Design, test, translate and execute searches of bibliographic databases
  • Search for grey literature
  • Remove duplicate records from search results, record clean-up
  • Provide literature search documentation, including a PRISMA flowchart.
  • Conduct a search update just prior to submitting the report for publication
  • Author relevant portions of the manuscript
  • Editorial contributions to the final manuscript
  • Project management
  • Level 1 and/or 2 screening
  • Other activities as negotiated

How long does a comprehensive literature search take?

The amount of time needed to conduct a comprehensive literature search varies from project to project.  Studies have shown that the average comprehensive literature search takes approximately twenty four hours of active searching time1. Talk to your librarian about the expected timelines for the project you would like to undertake.


1. Saleh AA, Ratajeski MA, Bertolet M. Grey Literature Searching for Health Sciences Systematic Reviews: A Prospective Study of Time Spent and Resources UtilizedEvid Based Libr Inf Pract. 2014;9(3):28-50.

Invite a librarian to join your team

Which review is right for you?

Neil John Maclean Health Sciences Library (University of Manitoba) --- ph. 204-789-3342 |