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Environmental Design: Citing & Writing

Subject Guide

Elements of Article Citations:

Articles are in Journals
Journals are in Databases
Databases are sometimes provided by larger database vendors


Misri, S., Kostaras, X., Fox, D., & Kostaras, D. (2000). The impact of partner support in the treatment of postpartum depression. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, (45)6, 554‐558. Retrieved from EBSCOhost Academic Search Complete database.

1.    Authors
Misri, S., Kostaras, X., Fox, D., & Kostaras, D.

2.    Publication Date

3.    Article Title
The impact of partner... 

4.    Journal Title, Vol.#, Iss.#, Pg.#
Canadian Journal of ...,
(45)6, 554‐558.  

5.    Database Info
Retrieved from EBSCOhost Academic... 

Citation Management

Managing a lot of sources? There's software for that.

Citation Examples

NOTE: Check your syllabus and assignment instructions first. Any instructions provided by your instructor take precedence.

Citing Multimedia

Citing Lecture Notes

See section 14.217 of the Chicago Manual of Style for full instructions. 

Chicago Style (17th edition, Notes & Bibliography) basic format for bibliography:

Last Name, First Name. "Title of presentation." Format and location of presentation, Date. URL (if slides are available online).


Note 1. Viviana Hong, “Censorship in Children’s Literature during Argentina’s Dirty War (1976–1983)” (lecture, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, April 30, 2015),
Bibliography Hong, Viviana. “Censorship in Children’s Literature during Argentina’s Dirty War (1976–1983).” Lecture presented at University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, April 30, 2015.

Citing Images

Include as much information as is available. If an artist's name is not available (e.g. for works from classical periods), the citation starts with the title of the work. 


Chicago Style (17th edition, Notes & Bibliography) basic format for bibliography:

Artist’s Last Name, First Name. Title of work. Date of creation or completion. Medium. Location of the work.



Image of Crowell House.

Smith and Williams. Crowell House. 1955. Pasadena, California. Photograph by Julius Shulman. Accessed June 12, 2020.

In this example:

  • "Smith and Williams" is the name of the architectural firm.
  • The name of the photographer should be included if available.
  • Access dates are not required in the 17th edition of Chicago Manual of Style (see section 14.12: Access dates), but your instructor may require that you include the date that you accessed an online resource.
  • When citing a resource from a library database, the name of the database or domain URL ( may be used instead of the direct URL to that resource. See section 14.11 of the Chicago Manual of Style for more information.


More Advice on Citing Images:

UCI Libraries Citing Images Guide: APA and MLA

Colgate University: Citing Images Chicago Style

New Jersey Institute of Technology: Citing Images in Architecture, Art & Design


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