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Patents & Technology Transfer: How-to Cite

Managing Your References

For information on organizing and managing your sources, please see our citation management guide:

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Citing Patents

This page lists some of the most common styles used when citing a patent and gives examples of the citations. A sample patent is used for the examples.

 


The ACS style guide : effective communication of scientific information (American Chemical Society):

Anderson, J.E. Nitric Oxide Manipulation of Muscle Satellite Cell Activation. U.S. Patent 6,967,102, November 22, 2005.


IEEE (Institute for Electronic and Electrical Engineers):

J.E. Anderson, "Nitric Oxide Manipulation of Muscle Satellite Cell Activation," U.S. Patent 6 967 102, Nov. 22, 2005.


Scientific style and format : the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers (Council of Scientific Editors):

Citation-sequence and citation name:

Anderson, JE, inventor; University of Manitoba, assignee. Nitric Oxide Manipulation of Muscle Satellite Cell Activation. United States patent US 6,967,102. 2005 Nov 22.

Name-Year:

Anderson, JE, inventor; University of Manitoba, assignee. 2005 Nov 22. Nitric Oxide Manipulation of Muscle Satellite Cell Activation. United States patent US 6,967,102.


American Institute of Physics Style Manual (AIP):

J.E. Anderson, U.S. Patent No. 6,967,102 (22 November 2005).


Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (APA):

Anderson, J.E. (2005). U.S. Patent No. 6,967,102. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.


Chicago Manual of Style:

Anderson, Judy E. Nitric Oxide Manipulation of Muscle Satellite Cell Activation. US Patent 6,967,102, filed March 10, 2000, and issued November 22, 2005.