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The University of Manitoba campuses are located on original lands of Anishinaabeg, Cree, Oji-Cree, Dakota, and Dene peoples, and on the homeland of the Métis Nation. More

Biology: Citing Help

A biology subject guide for University of Manitoba students.

Do you need to find ...

Reference style information including APA

Help picking a reference style

Canadian Journal of Zoology reference style

Help with other journal reference styles

How to look up a journal abbreviation

An easy way to cite my sources

Someone to help me with citing/referencing

Citation style for BIOL 2520 (Cell Biology) - Cell

Reference Style information including APA

Handouts are available in alternative formats upon request. Please contact contact Vickie Albrecht via email vickie.albrecht@umanitoba.ca, or see Vickie during her drop-in hours at the Sciences and Technology Library.

Picking out a reference style...

Not sure which reference style to pick out, here are some common reference styles that are used in various disciplines.

Reference Style Name Discipline Reference Style Manual
Common Reference Styles with Discipline and Manual
APA (American Psychological Assoication) Social sciences such as psychology Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition
MLA (Modern Language Association) Liberal arts and humanities MLA Handbook, 8th edition
Chicago/Turabian Humanities and social sciences The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition
AMA (American Medical Association) Health sciences AMA manual of style: a guide for authors and editors, 11th edition
ACS (American Chemical Society) Chemistry The ACS guide to scholarly communication
AIP (American Institute of Physics) Physics American Institute of Physics Style Manual (available online for free)
CSE (Council of Science Editors) Natural sciences
IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) Engineering

IEEE Editorial Style Manual (available online for free)

Canadian Journal of Zoology reference style

Here is information about the Canadian Journal of Zoology reference style.  If you need additional assistance, you can contact Vickie Albrecht via email vickie.albrecht@umanitoba.ca, book an appointment with Vickie at http://lib-umanitoba.libcal.com/appointment/13909, or see Vickie during her drop-in hours at the Sciences and Technology Library.

Biology courses this term (Winter 2019) that are using this style include:

  • BIOL 2210 - The Chordates

Help with other journal reference styles

How to Find Information about a Specific Journal's Citation/Reference Style

  1. Search for the journal title in either the University of Manitoba Libraries' One Stop Search or through Google.

  2. On the journal's website look for a section called either 'Instructions to Authors', 'Manuscript', or 'Authors Information'.  In this section should be information about how citations/references are formatted.

  3. On the journal's website look at a recent journal article published in the journal.  Look at this recent journal article's references section and in-text citations. 

Ask yourself the following questions when looking at a sample journal article to figure out the journal's citation/reference style:

  1. How do in-text citations appear in a journal article from the journal?  Do the in-text citations appear as numbers or names?  You will look through the body of the journal article to answer these questions.
  2. How does the reference section look like for a journal article from the journal?  Is it called a references or literature cited or bibliography or something else?  You will look at the end of the journal article to answer these questions.
  3. How does a journal article reference look like? Are journal titles abbreviated?  Is there any special formatting, such as bolding or italics?  You will look at the references section of the journal article to answer these questions.  Remember that journal articles often provide a journal volume, issue, and page range in the reference.

Here are some journal reference styles being used in biology courses at the University of Manitoba.

How to look up a journal abbreviation

Here are some websites you can use to look up a journal's abbreviation

What if I don't find the journal title I need to abbreviate?

Often journal titles that are one word do not get abbreviated so typically you will not see one word journal titles in journal title abbreviation lists.  Check the journal's website to see if they provide an abbreviation there.  If you still cannot find an abbreviation, contact any University of Manitoba library for assistance either through the Ask Us chat service, email, phone, or in-person.

An easy way to cite my sources

Citation/Reference management software are computer programs that can assist you in quickly storing, organizing, and creating citations/references. Below is a list of a few recommended citation/reference management software; the links will take you to more information about each of them.

For biology students, Vickie Albrecht, recommends using Mendeley (download to your computer) or ZoteroBib (online citation generator).

You may not want to signup for an account, download a program, or use a web version then citation generators are for you.  Citation generators are basically built-in citations from various websites and databases. 

Someone to help me with citing/referencing

Need assistance with citing and referencing? Here are the best places to get assistance

For in-person help...

  1. If it's one of the reference styles on this guide, you can contact Vickie Albrecht via email vickie.albrecht@umanitoba.ca, book an appointment with Vickie at http://lib-umanitoba.libcal.com/appointment/13909, or see Vickie during her drop-in hours at the Sciences and Technology Library.

  2. Academic Learning Centre's Writing Tutors. This is a free service to all University of Manitoba students. You get a 30 minute, one-on-one appointment. More details at the Academic Learning Centre's website or book your appointment now.

  3. Any University of Manitoba Library's service desk. Library staff can assist you with finding the appropriate information for referencing sources.

  4. Make an appointment with a subject librarian. Subject librarians can help you with a reference/citation style in your subject area. You can make an appointment or email or call them with your questions. Find your subject librarian now.

For online help...

1. OWL Purdue Online Writing Lab: This online source is a great go to place to find information about referencing, citing, and the various styles.

2. Academic Learning Centre's Online Writing Tutor: Free service to all University of Manitoba students. You can book an online writing tutor for assistance with referencing, citing, and more. Note that you need to allow 3 days for this service. More information is on Academic Learning Centre's Online Writing Tutor webpage.

3. University of Manitoba Libraries' chat service - Ask Us: You can chat with a real library staff member for assistance with finding sources and referencing. Go to the University of Manitoba Libraries' website and then click on the Ask Us link.

Citation style for BIOL 2520 (Cell Biology) - Cell journal

Here is information about the journal Cell reference style.  If you need additional assistance, you may contact Vickie Albrecht, Biological Sciences Librarian at the Sciences and Technology Library. 

Citation style for BIOL 3600 (Biological Diversity and Sustainability) - Conservation Biology journal

Here is information about the Conservation Biology journal reference style.  If you need additional assistance, you can contact Vickie Albrecht via email vickie.albrecht@umanitoba.ca, book an appointment with Vickie at http://lib-umanitoba.libcal.com/appointment/13909, or see Vickie during her drop-in hours at the Sciences and Technology Library.

Vickie's Drop-in Hours

Vickie has drop-in hours at the Sciences and Technology Library (211 Machray Hall):

Vickie Albrecht's drop-in hours
Date Time
Wed., Mar. 11 10 am - 12 pm & 2 pm - 4 pm
Thurs., Mar. 12 12 pm - 1 pm & 3 pm - 4 pm
Fri., Mar. 13 11 am - 1 pm

Ask Us!

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Writing Tutors at Libraries

Need help with writing papers?  Are you a current University of Manitoba student?  Then the Writing Tutors from the Academic Learning Centre are here to help you.

Writing Tutors are:

  • free service to all University of Manitoba students
  • work one-on-one with students to improve writing at any point of the writing process
  • not an editing service, they teach you to improve your own writing
  • available in the following libraries: Elizabeth Dafoe Library, Sciences and Technology Library,  Albert D. Cohen Management Library

Book your appointment online today or call the Academic Learning Centre at 204-480-1481.  A one-time registration is required for online bookings.