The University of Manitoba Libraries is here to assist you with citing and referencing. Use this guide to link to some common reference/citation styles. Reference/citation style handouts are also available in person from any of the University of Manitoba Libraries. You may also ask for assistance from any library's services desk or you can chat online with a library staff member using the AskaLibrarian link.
The Writing Tutors from the Academic Learning Centre can also help you to write your references and use the correct citation style for your assignments. See the Writing Tutors box on this page for more information about this service.
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DOI stands for digital object identifier. DOIs are sometimes assigned to journal articles and are unique ways to identify a journal article. You can think of a DOI like a store barcode. DOIs are used because they are more stable than standard web addresses or URLs. You may see a DOI at the end of citation; typically APA reference style uses this. Take a look at the handout for details or to save.
Here are some websites that contain the abbreviations and full title names of numerous biology journals.
What if I don't find the journal title I need to abbreviate?
Often journal titles that are one word do not get abbreviated so typically you will not see one word journal titles in journal title abbreviation lists. Check the journal's website to see if they provide an abbreviation there. If you still cannot find an abbreviation, contact any University of Manitoba Libraries for assistance either through our AskaLibrarian chat service, email, phone, or in-person.
Citation/Reference management software are computer programs that can assist you in quickly storing, organizing, and creating citations/references. Below is a list of a few recommended citation/reference management software; the links will take you to more information about each of them.