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Citing Alternate Formats - Chicago Style

Video Recordings

Citations of video recordings, like those of sound recordings, will vary according to the nature of the material.

Any facts relevant to identifying the item should be included.

Online videos should include a URL as the final element of the citation.

If no date can be determined from the source, include the date it was last accessed.

If the material is a digital version of a published source, include information about the original performance or source. Whether to include information about the original or the digitized copy first will depend on the information available.

For multimedia designed to run in a web browser, a file format does not need to be mentioned.

If a downloadable file was consulted, specify format.

Please see 'Formatting' page for information on how to properly format the Notes and Bibliography in your paper.

[14.265, 14.267]

 Notes

 

  #. DVD / VHS recording, Ensemble, Conductor, Performance Date, Release Date

ex:      1. George Frideric Handel, Messiah, Atlantic Symphony Orchestra and Chamber Chorus, Robert Shaw, performed December 19, 1987 (Ansonia Station, NY: Video Artistis International, 1988), videocassette (VHS), 141 min.
    #. Online video, YouTube
ex:

     2. "Carmina Burana - Orff," filmed October 30, 2011, posted by "Desautels Faculty of Music," November 4, 2011, YouTube video, 2:21, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DZFz1QuKY8U.

     3. "Elemental | Teaser Trailer," posted by "Pixar," November 17, 2022, YouTube video, 1:27, https://youtu.be/-cT495xKvvs. 

Bibliography

 

DVD / VHS recording, Ensemble, Conductor, Performance Date, Release Date

ex:

Handel, George Frederic. Messiah. Atlantic Symphony Orchestra and Chamber Corus, Robert Shaw. Performed December 19, 1987. Ansonia Station, NY: Video Artistis Internationa, 1988. Videocassette (VHS), 141 min.

  Online video, YouTube
ex:

Desautels Faculty of Music. "Carmina Burana - Orff." Filmed October 30, 2011. Posted November 4, 2011. YouTube video, 2:21. https://youtu.be/DZFz1QuKY8U.

Pixar. "Elemental | Teaser Trailer." Posted November 17, 2022. YouTube video, 1:27. https://youtu.be/hXzcyx9V0xw.